There’s little remaining of the city’s former ghetto wall (although more on that later) which was constructed during the Second World War during the period of German occupation. There were over 450,000 people forced to live in the area when the ghetto was established, with nearly 100,000 dying of starvation and hundreds of thousands more dying when the ghetto was liquidated and the residents despatched to concentration camps.
A plan of the ghetto.
It’s easy to follow the remnants of the wall, which stood from 1940 until 1943. A permanent reminder of the atrocities which took place here.